Congratulations to Raphael Costa for the successful defense of his dissertation!
Title: Making the ‘New Lourinhã, a European Lourinhã’: Democracy, Civic
Engagement, and the Urban Development of Lourinhã, Portugal
Abstract: Since 1966, Lourinhã’s urban landscape has transformed as Portugal
democratized. From a rural town with little infrastructure and few institutions in
1966, Lourinhã had emerged by 2001 as an ostensibly modern European town.
This work highlights key areas of economic and urban development, and argues
that Lourinhã’s political culture became more institutionalized leaving less room
for, and withering expectation of, citizen participation in local development as
Portugal transitioned from dictatorship to democracy.
This dissertation examines Portugal’s transition from the Estado Novo
dictatorship (1933-1974) to European social democracy by focusing on
Lourinhã’s – a town of 22,000 people north of Lisbon – urbanization between
1966 and 2001. Lourinhã’s urbanization involved, and indeed required, a shift in
its institutional and political culture. In the 1960s and 1970s, people were
expected to participate in development at a cultural, political and financial level,
acting as substitutes for non-existent state mechanisms of development.
However, by the late 1980s, the momentum had shifted as regional, national, and
European institutions participated in developmental programs, marking a
dramatic change in how citizens engaged with the state and the Portuguese
From this shift has emerged a debate about the nature of Portugal’s
transition to democracy. With the Carnation Revolution of 1974 – the military
coup that toppled the Estado Novo – at the center of analysis, academics and
pundits ask whether that event represented “evolution or revolution” for Portugal.
Was Portugal on the path towards democracy before 1974? And, given
contemporary problems, was the rapid shift to European social democracy the
blessing it appeared to be by the 1990s? Did democratization disenfranchise the
Portuguese in important ways? Are commentators like Jorge Silva Melo, a Lisbon
playwright who began his career in the Estado Novo years correct in asserting
that, “under the dictatorship there was hope … that was in ‘72/’73. Nowadays, its
exactly the opposite: there is no hope”? This dissertation uses Lourinhã’s
development as an example of a Portuguese experience to argue that the
Carnation Revolution, although a watershed in Portugal’s politico-cultural
evolution, should not be understood as the moment when democracy came to
Adrian Shubert (Supervisor)
António Costa Pinto
Antonia Cazorla (Trent U)
Maria João Dodman
Raphael, way to go and thank you (also for being a co-president of the GHSA in 2010-11).
From your friends and peers!
Congratulations to Gil Fernandes for the successful defense of his dissertation!
Title: Of Outcasts and Ambassadors: the Making of Portuguese Diaspora in Postwar North America.
Abstract: How can a small peripheral government with few material resources assert itself as a geopolitical player in an era of rising global governance and dwindling nation-state sovereignty? This was the question in the minds of Portuguese officials when developing their foreign policies in the aftermath of the Second World War and again after the Revolution of the Carnations of April 25, 1974. In their case, examined in this study, the answer was similar in both contexts: tie Portuguese nationhood with imperial and diasporic imaginings, and develop a national diaspora with close ties with the homeland and its government. This study examines the social, cultural, religious, economic, and political processes by which Portugal’s Estado Novo dictatorship laid the foundations for the diasporic discourse and institutions that followed the end of the colonial empire and the introduction of a new democratic political order after 1974. I will focus on the role played by homeland diplomats, ethnic entrepreneurs, Catholic missionaries, political activists and other transnational intermediaries in shaping a diasporic consciousness among the Portuguese communities of eastern Canada – Toronto and Montreal – and northeastern United States – New Bedford, Fall River, Boston, Providence, Newark, and other cities in New England and the Greater New York City area. This dissertation also engages with current discussions in the field of migration studies, especially those related with the concepts of diaspora, transnationalism, and nation-state, as well as ethnicity, class, and race, and introduces an imperial and homeland dimension to our frame of analysis. The period of history examined (1950s-70s) covers the inauguration of Portuguese mass migration to Canada and its resurgence to the United States; the rise of large international governing bodies, rival Cold War superpowers and their spheres of influence; the Portuguese Colonial Wars in Africa and the downfall of settler colonialism; the emergence of cultural pluralism and identity politics in Canada and parts of the United States; the radicalization of the Portuguese “anti-fascist” opposition; and the revolutionary transition to democracy in Portugal. These larger processes framed the local, national, and transnational histories of Portuguese immigrants in North America and had significant impact in the development of their diasporic communities, consciousness, and identities.
Roberto Perin (supervisor)
Franca Iacovetta (external)
José Curto (internal/external)
Gabriele Scardellato (Dean’s rep/chair)
Gil, good luck and many thanks (also for being a co-president of the GHSA in 2011-12).
From all of us : )
Greetings history grads! Hopefully you are all enjoying the last days of summer.
TH@Y (Teaching History @ York), an initiative in our department for history TAs by history TAs, will be running a History-specific TA Day on THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 4TH. Coffee and Registration will be at 8:30 and presentations and workshops will start at 9 a.m. Please join us in the Department of History Common Room (Vari Hall 2183).
Though this event is targeted at new and incoming TAs, we would also like to invite experienced TAs to come and share their experience and meet their new colleagues. Also, recall that TH@Y is offering a certificate (validated by the Department) for those students who attend eight or more TH@Y events. Of course, the value of our TA Days and other TH@Y activities comes not only from the certificate, but also from the valuable insight offered by an open dialogue with your fellow TAs.
Topics at this fall’s TA Day will include:
-Icebreakers and First-Day Protocol
-Marking, Rubrics, and Encouraging Participation
-Rights and Responsibilities, Conflict and Accommodations
-Tech in the Classroom
This is an excellent opportunity to further develop your teaching skills and to meet our incoming TAs and hopefully some MAs as well, in addition to working towards the TH@Y Certificate in Teaching. Lunch and snacks will be provided.
Please RSVP to Max Smith at email@example.com by August 29th.
We look forward to seeing you again on September 4th!
The Harriet Tubman Institute’s Speaker Series: Dr. Bronwen Everill: “Sierra Leone Trade and the Ethical Atlantic”
The Harriet Tubman Institute’s Speaker Series will recommence on Wednesday, February 5th at 3:30pm in 305 York Lanes. Dr. Bronwen Everill from King’s College in London will be presenting her current research: “Sierra Leone Trade and the Ethical Atlantic.”
Come out and join in the conversation. For further information, contact: Myles Ali firstname.lastname@example.org
Light refreshments will be served (generously provided by York’s Graduate History Student Association).
Sierra Leone Trade and the Ethical Atlantic
From the foundation of the Sierra Leone colony in 1787, British and American abolitionists eagerly awaited the results of the anti-slave trade settlement experiment. As part of an Atlantic-wide project of convincing consumers and producers of the evils of slavery, Sierra Leone – and its settlers, government officials, slave traders, Eurafrican residents, and original inhabitants – was a case study to be held up in admiration or scorn. This paper will investigate the intellectual and economic contribution of the colony and its surrounds to the debates over consumption and production that shaped the ‘ethical Atlantic’ in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century.
Dr Everill received her PhD from King’s College London in 2010. She has subsequently held posts at Oxford and Warwick Universities. She is the author of Abolition and Empire in Sierra Leone and Liberia (Palgrave, 2013), editor of The History and Practice of Humanitarian Intervention and Aid in Africa (Palgrave, 2013), and her work has been published in Slavery & Abolition, the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth Studies, and the Journal of Global History. Her current Leverhulme Fellowship project is entitled African Trade and Ethical Consumption in the Atlantic World, 1760-1840.